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Understanding Brain Injuries: A Comprehensive Overview


Brain injuries can be incredibly devastating, leaving a profound and lasting impact on an individual's life. These injuries are caused by a disruption in the normal function of the brain, which can result from a bump, blow, jolt to the head, or a penetrating head injury. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines this condition as Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).

Traumatic Brain Injuries are classified into three categories, each presenting varying levels of severity:

  1. Mild TBI: Also referred to as a concussion, a mild TBI may manifest with the following symptoms:
  • Brief, if any, loss of consciousness.
  • Headaches, with or without vomiting.
  • Lightheadedness and/or dizziness.
  • Blurred vision or tired eyes.
  • Sleep disturbances.
  • Ringing in the ears.
  • Fatigue or lethargy.
  • Behavioral mood changes, irritability, and/or anger.
  • Trouble with memory, concentration, attention, or thinking.

If these symptoms persist for more than three months, the classification moves into what is known as "mild TBI/Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome."

  1. Moderate TBI: A person with a moderate TBI may experience the symptoms mentioned for mild TBI, along with the following:
  • Loss of consciousness lasting more than 30 minutes but less than 24 hours.
  • A headache that worsens or does not go away.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea.
  • Inability to awaken from sleep.
  • Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes.
  • Slurred speech.
  • Loss of coordination.
  • Increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
  1. Severe TBI: Severe TBI poses life-threatening risks, and individuals with this type may experience symptoms similar to those of mild and moderate TBI. Additionally, they may exhibit the following:
  • Loss of consciousness lasting for more than 24 hours.
  • Post-traumatic amnesia for more than 24 hours following the injury.
  • Seizures or convulsions.
  • Abnormal brain imaging results indicate signs of permanent damage.
  • Coma, vegetative state, or minimally responsive state.

If you have sustained a traumatic brain injury due to someone else's negligence, it's essential to understand your rights and options for seeking compensation. At Pittman Law, we are dedicated to providing exceptional legal services with the personalized care of a small firm. Our team is committed to advocating for your rights and helping you through this challenging time.